It's certainly possible for you to move from the UK to Spain after Brexit. Though, the procedures after Brexit are more extensive after the end of the transition period on the 31st of December 2020. Expect a longer administrative process than the one pre-Brexit.
Keep reading to find out what the process implies!
The British top the list of foreign nationalities in Spain: 300,000 Brits have settled in Spain to date.”
With Brexit, the rules for the free movement of individuals within the European Union won’t apply to British nationals. After the 31st of December 2020, Brits are bound by new conditions.
Despite no longer being part of the EU, Spain has added the UK to the list for visa-exempt countries. This means that Brits can visit Spain for up to 90 days within a 180-day period.
If you enter and exit Spain numerous times within a 180-day period, ensure that you don't exceed 90 days. Exceeding the limit of your stay will result in legal consequences!
From May 2023 you’ll need to apply for an ETIAS visa waiver before going to Spain. This is an application that is intended for all visitors who do not need a visa to enter the EU.”
Moving from the UK to Spain mid to long-term require Brits to attain a visa that corresponds to their reason of stay. The cost of a visa for an adult is €80.
You have to submit the visa application in the UK within 90 days on the intended travel date. You can’t file the application from within Spain.
You need to submit the following documents to the Spanish Consulate in the UK:
All documents need to be translated to Spanish and must have an apostille stamp.”
Factors that would hinder the successful relocation of British individuals:
As a prospective employee in a Spanish company, you're reliant on your employer to get a Spanish work permit.
Your prospective employer has to submit the visa application to the provincial office of the Ministry of Labor (elegación Provincial del Ministerio de Trabajo e Inmigración).
The approval process might take up to 8 months. In the meantime, you will receive a copy of the application. Send this to the Spanish embassy to move the visa application process forward.
You have to provide the contract for your employment along with further proof in the form of past payslips. The past payslips serve to indicate that you will have enough money to live on.
Apart from that, you have to apply for a non-profit visa (permiso de residencia no lucrativa).
Self-employed Brits moving to Spain after Brexit have to claim their status as “Self-employed” by doing the following:
Brits who are not going to be working in Spain, for example, retired individuals or backpackers, have to:
With the visa secured, you’ll be issued a biometric residence card called Tarjeta de Identidad de Extranjero (TIE). The TIE card is what is going to make your life easier when it comes to border crossings and dealing with administrative matters.
Keep in mind: all visas must be renewed every two years until you’re eligible for applying for a permanent resident card in Spain.
Spain has a family reunification visa that makes it possible for British citizens residing in Spain to bring along their direct family members. This includes their spouse, children and ascendants (parents or in-laws).
To apply for this, you must have renewed your initial Spanish residence permit at least once. For the long-list of requirements, read our guide on bringing family members to Spain.
If you’re still in the process of applying for a visa, it’s a good idea to start searching for your new house in Spain as the market can be competitive. This is especially true for the best cities in Spain as they tend to be popular with expats.
If you’re specifically curious about the best places to live in Spain for the English, you can look into places like Alicante, Málaga, or Costa Blanca.
You can acquire permanent residency in Spain in two ways:
If you're not keen on changing your nationality, then you can apply for an “EU long-term residence permit” (permiso de residencia de larga duración) after 5 uninterrupted years in Spain or any EU state.
This residence permit grants you the ability to work freely and reap the benefits from the social welfare in Spain. On top of that, you can move to other EU states for no longer than 3 months at a time.
Applicants for the EU long-term residence permit must fulfil the following conditions:
You can apply for Spanish citizenship after 10 years of residence in Spain. This requires Brits to prove that they have no criminal record and a sufficient integration into Spanish culture (e.g. proficiency in Spanish and participation in social activities).
Applications for citizenship status have to be personally submitted at the local civil registry in Spain and require the following items to be supplied:
Fulfilling those requirements would grant you the ability to permanently reside in Spain and travel around other EU member states freely.
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