When moving to Rome, there are two different airports that you can utilize: Fiumicino (Leonardo da Vinci) and Ciampino. Fiumicino is the main airport typically utilized in Rome, with plenty of connections to flights, as well as to the trains. Ciampino is a much smaller airport, primarily used for charter flights and some of Europe’s budget airlines.
There is an express train that runs between Fiumicino Airport and Rome’s main train station, the Stazione Termini, and it is priced at €9.50 for the 30-minute ride. From Ciampino, the train runs from 6.30am till 11.30pm. To arrive at the city center, take the Cotral bus, exiting at Metro A, the Anagnina station, and then on to the Termini Station. The Cotral bus runs until 11pm at every 30 minutes. If it is later, then take a taxi. Other than Termini, Rome’s other well-used station is Tiburtina.
If you opt to drive into Rome and bring your car with you, keep in mind that the city center is off limits to driving during the weekdays, and mostly on Saturdays as well. If you have a rental that you need to drop off, you may want to do that at the airport and then take the Leonardo Express on into the city center.
Traveling by bus is also really easy in Rome. Sometimes it can even be faster to travel by bus than by train, depending on the route. Between Siena and Rome, for example, you don’t have to make any transfers by bus, so the time of travel is shorter.
While the bus system is extensive, the metro (subway) is relatively easy for visitors to pick up. Tickets must be bought in advance, but there are various locations that sell them, such as the vending machines at transportation stations, newsstands and others. The metro goes around the city, rather than through it, and it only has the A and B lines, otherwise known as the Red or Blue lines. They run every 7 to 10 minutes, from 5:30am until 11.30pm every day, although on Saturdays, the service stops at 0:30am.
You can expect numerous lines for the bus system, and they run from 5:30am until midnight. To lower pollution, there are even electric bus lines in some of the smaller alleyways. There are 20 night bus lines that run from 00:30am to 5:30am. You can even purchase tickets on board for your convenience.
The Ferrovie Urbane are the city’s urban train lines, and they work along with the metro lines. There are three lines: Rome to Lido, Rome to Viterbo, and Rome to Giardinetti. The Rome to Lido is the most popular, as it stops at Ostia Antica. These tickets are the same as the other methods of transportation so that they can be bought at all of the same places.
If the time comes where you’ll need a taxi, ensure that it is white or yellow and is metered. Additionally, do not agree to an arranged price, but ask to go by the metered rate.
Most of Rome’s attractions in the city center are within a walkable distance, but you may want to consider one more mode of transportation. If you’re heard the saying, “When in Rome... “ I think it applied to riding a vespa. You can rent them all throughout the city for about €40-€50 for an entire day. Some shops may offer longer rental agreements.