Parma is located to the west of a popular road called the Via Emilia, which connects the Adriatic Sea to Milan.
You can opt to take a Regionale or an Intercity train to get to Parma from either Milan or Bologna. Tickets may be purchased at the ticket window or the automatic machines, and the price is based on the actual distance traveled.
Before Ryanair began offering domestic flights into Parma throughout Italy, there was no real way to reach Parma directly by plane.
However, if you’re arriving from another country, you can easily fly into Bologna or Milan. In Bologna, there is the Guglielmo Marconi airport, and Milan offers three options: Bergamo Orio al Serio, Milano Linate and Milano Malpensa airports. Once you arrive, you are only two hours from Parma.
When you are moving to Parma, arriving by car can also be a viable option for transportation, especially with the close proximity to the Via Emilia, mentioned previously. There’s also the A1 Milano - Bologna, which connects these two cities and runs through Parma.
There are also smaller roads that connect Parma to cities and small villages in the north and south. Called strade statali, they can take you through the Appennini mountains, which are south of Tuscany, or north through the Alps mountains.
While the bus makes up the entire public transportation system in Parma, if you enjoy riding a bike, it can be even more affordable. You can purchase a bike second-hand, or you can opt to take part of the popular bike-sharing service. You can purchase a subscription in several different ways. For the annual subscription, you will pay only €25, plus €5 for the actual card. If you only need a bike for the day, it will cost €5. Once you have your card, you can "share" a bike from over 20 different locations throughout the city.
Another great option that is offered in Parma is car sharing. For an annual subscription, the price is set at €120, and you can utilize the service 24 hours a day, 365 days a year. You will need to have had a valid driver’s license for at least six months. For your convenience, you can rent from the website or call in to reserve your vehicle. The service covers all costs of fuel, insurance and maintenance, while the individual sharing the car only pays for the time used and the distance traveled unless there’s an annual subscription.